全球当代公共艺术代表作之一《密特拉》,首次离开美国来到上海

​2019-07-27~2019-10-13, 上海龙美术馆(西岸馆)

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全球当代公共艺术代表作之一《密特拉》,首次离开美国来到上海

展览时间:​2019-07-27~2019-10-13

展览地点:上海龙美术馆(西岸馆)

展览门票:

展览类型:展览

相关艺术家:​马克·布拉德福特

龙美术馆(西岸馆)年度重磅展览之一“马克·布拉德福特:洛杉矶”已正式对公众免费开放,这个展览是布拉德福特在亚洲最大规模的展览,展现了艺术家在过去十年中对形式和观念的探索与结合。

布拉德福特曾于2014年获得美国国务院艺术奖章,于2013年被任命为美国国家院士以及于2009年获得麦克·阿瑟天才奖,2017年代表美国参加了第57届威尼斯双年展,被媒体称为美国最重要的在世艺术家之一、作品最昂贵的当代艺术家之一。

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马克·布拉德福特,《密特拉》,2008,综合材料,726.4 x 1963.4 x 635厘米,“马克·布拉德福特:洛杉矶”展览现场图,龙美术馆(西岸馆),中国上海,2019,摄影:JJYPHOTO。 ©马克·布拉德福特,图片:艺术家及豪瑟沃斯

Mark Bradford, Mithra, 2008, Mixed media, 726.4 x 1963.4 x 635 cm / 286 x 773 x 250 inches, Installation view, 'Mark Bradford: Los Angeles', The Long Museum, Shanghai, China, 2019, Photo: JJYPHOTO. © Mark Bradford, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth

位于龙美术馆(西岸馆)展厅入口处的《密特拉》,是这次展览的核心作品,它引出了布拉德福特对社会问题、地域和历史的关注。2005年,卡特里娜飓风袭击了新奥尔良,暴露出这座城市乃至全美在种族和经济方面依然存在着的各种不平等。为了推动灾后重建,新奥尔良举办了国际双年展“愿景1”,并委托布拉德福特在路易斯安那州的新奥尔良市创作了这件特定场域作品。

这件巨大的船形雕塑是由建筑工地和废弃房屋的风化木板制成,既具有永恒的纪念意义,又是时间和地域的象征。龙美术馆(西岸馆)的此次展出是《密特拉》继2008年在新奥尔良的一片空地展出后的首次呈现。

从形式上看,这件作品呼应了犹太-基督教神话中诺亚方舟的故事,在洪水摧毁世界之前,诺亚方舟是最后的庇护所。它的标题还关联了古拜火教和古罗马传统。当布拉德福特创作《密特拉》时,这件作品对于灾后依然经受磨难的人们来说具有深刻且哀伤的隐喻。这是一个强有力且抽象的象征,它代表了黑人社区的悲剧:美国本来有能力在灾难救援和灾后重建中投入大量资源,然而实际投入的资源与非裔美国人遭受的损失完全不成比例。

《密特拉》证明了布拉德福特表达特定情感的能力,既充满悲伤又饱含希望。这件作品不仅是艺术家极具开创性的作品,也被视为美国乃至全世界当代公共艺术史中的重要代表作品。

此次在龙美术馆(西岸馆)展出《密特拉》,布拉德福特促使我们将一个时空与另一个看似非常不同的时空联系起来。我们必须去思考在这个全新的地域环境和当下现状中,如何发掘这件作品新的意义。布拉德福特秉持的象征主义开放立场使这件作品再次进入公共领域时得以产生持续性的对话和全新的意义。

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马克·布拉德福特,“马克·布拉德福特:洛杉矶”展览现场图,龙美术馆(西岸馆),中国上海,2019,摄影:JJYPHOTO。©马克·布拉德福特,图片:艺术家及豪瑟沃斯

Mark Bradford, Installation view, 'Mark Bradford: Los Angeles', The Long Museum, Shanghai, China, 2019, Photo: JJYPHOTO. © Mark Bradford, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth

Mithra is the centerpiece of this exhibition, and it provides an introduction to Bradford's engagement with social concerns, history, and place. This massive sculpture in the shape of a boat was a site-specific work created in New Orleans, Louisiana. It was commissioned for Prospect.1—an international biennial staged in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, the 2005 disaster that laid bare the racial and economic inequality of the city and the nation at large. Made from weathered wooden panels taken from construction sites and abandoned buildings in the city, Mithra is both a timeless monument and an artifact of its time and place. This is the first time it is being exhibited in its entirety since it was originally installed in an empty lot in New Orleans in 2008.

The form of this work is an allusion to the Judeo-Christian mythology of Noah's ark, which was constructed as a sanctuary against the destruction of the world by flood. Through its title, it also references ancient Zoroastrian and Roman traditions. When Bradford created it, Mithra was a poignant and elegiac metaphor for a community still living under the devastating aftereffects of the hurricane. It was a powerful but abstracted symbol by which to acknowledge a tragedy that had stricken the black community—the death toll of the storm, which was generally considered inordinately high given the United States' resources to assist in rescue and recovery, disproportionately struck African Americans.

Mithra evidences Bradford's ability to capture the sentiment, both shattered and hopeful, of our moment. This piece is now considered a seminal artwork not only for the artist, but also for a contemporary history of public art in the United States and beyond. 

In exhibiting Mithra in Shanghai in 2019, Bradford asks us to connect one place and moment in time with another seemingly very different one. We must think about the ways we find its meaning reinscribed by this context and our present. Bradford's engagement with open-ended symbolism in this work allows for ongoing conversations and new meaning as the work reenters the public sphere.

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马克·布拉德福特,“马克·布拉德福特:洛杉矶”展览现场图,龙美术馆(西岸馆),中国上海,2019,摄影:JJYPHOTO。©马克·布拉德福特,图片:艺术家及豪瑟沃斯

Mark Bradford, Installation view, 'Mark Bradford: Los Angeles', The Long Museum, Shanghai, China, 2019, Photo: JJYPHOTO. © Mark Bradford, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth

来源:龙美术馆

小编:玉米烙

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